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中国国家机关名称

【编辑日期: 2008-06-16

【来源: 】

全国人民代表大会   National People’s Congress (NPC)

主席团                      Presidium

常务委员会             Standing Committee

办公厅                      General Office

秘书处                     Secretariat

代表资格审查委员会     Credentials Committee

提案审查委员会       Motions Examination Committee

民族委员会              Ethnic Affairs Committee

法律委员会              Law Committee

财务经济委员会       Finance Affairs Committee

外事委员会             Foreign and Economy Committee

教育,科学,文化委员会 Education, Science, Culture and Public Health Committee

内务司法委员会       Committee for Internal and Judicial Affairs

华侨委员会             Overseas Chinese Affairs Committee

法制委员会              Commission of Legislative Affairs

特定问题委员会       Committee of Inquiry into Special Questions

宪法修改委员会       Committee for Revision of the Constitution

中华人民共和国主席     President of the People’s Republic of China

中央军事委员会       Central Military Commission

最高人民法院          Supreme People’s Procuratorate

国务院                     State Council

(1)国务院部委         Ministries and Commissions Directly under the State Council

外交部                     Ministry of Foreign Affairs

国防部                      Ministry of National Defence

国家发展计划委员   State Development Planning Commission

国家经济贸易委员会     State Economic and Trade Commission

教育部                      Ministry of Education

科学技术部              Ministry of Science and Technology

国家科学技术工业委员会   Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence

国家民族事务委员会    State Ethnic Affairs Commission

公安部                      Ministry of Public Security

国家安全部             Ministry of State Security

监察部                      Ministry of Supervision

民政部                      Ministry of Civil Affairs

司法部                      Ministry of Justice

财政部                      Ministry of Finance

人事部                      Ministry of Personnel

劳动和社会保障部   Ministry of Labour and Social Security

国土资源部             Ministry of Land and Resources

建设部                      Ministry of Construction

铁路部                     Ministry of Railways

交通部                      Ministry of Communications

信息产业部              Ministry of Information Industry

水利部                      Ministry of Water Resources

农业部                      Ministry of Agriculture

对外贸易经济合作部    Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation

文化部                      Ministry of Culture

卫生部                     Ministry of Public Health

国家计划生育委员会     State Family Planning Commission

中国人民银行          People’s Bank of China

国家审计署              State Auditing Administration

(2)国务院办事机构 Offices under that State Council

国务院办公厅          General Office of the State Council

侨务办公厅              Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs

港澳办公厅             Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office

台湾办公厅              Taiwan Affairs Office

法制办公厅             Office of Legislative Affairs

经济体制办公厅       Office for Economic Restructuring

国务院研究室          Research Office of the State Council

新闻办公室              Information Office

(3)国务院直属机构 Departments Directly under the State Council

海关总署                 General Administration of Customs

国家税务总局          State Taxation Administration

国家环境保护总局 State Environmental Protection Administration

中国民用航空总局   Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC)

国家广播电影电视总局 State Administration of Radio, Film and Television

国家体育总局          State Physical Cultural Administration

国家统计局              State Statistics Bureau

国家工商行政管理局     State Administration of Industry and Commerce

新闻出版署              Press and Publication Administration

国家版权局             State Copyright Bureau

国家林业局              State Forestry Bureau

国家质量技术监督局    State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

国家药品监督管理局     State Drug Administration (SDA)

国家知识产权局       State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO)

国家旅游局              National Tourism Administration

国家宗教事务局       State Bureau of Religious Affairs

国务院参事室          Counsellors’ Office of the State Council

(4)国务院直属事业单位    Institutions Directly under the State Council

新华通讯社             Xinhua News Agency

中国科学院              Chinese Academy of Sciences

中国社会科学院       Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

中国工程院              Chinese Academy of Engineering

国务院发展研究中心     Development Research Centre of the State Council

国家行政学院          National School of Administration

中国地震局              China Seismological Bureau

中国气象局             China Meteorological Bureau

中国证券监督管理委员会   China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRS)

(5)部委管理的国家局 State Bureaux Administration by Ministration or Commission)

国家粮食储备局(国家发展计划委员会)    State Bureau of Grain Reserve (Under the State Development Planning Commission)

国家国内贸易局       State Bureau of Internal Trade

国家煤炭工业局       State Bureau of Coal Industry

国家机械工业局       State Bureau of Machine Building Industry

国家冶金工业局      State Bureau of Metallurgical Industry

国家石油和化学工业局 State Bureau of Petroleum and Chemical Industry

国家轻工业局          State Bureau of Light Industry

国家纺织工业局       State Bureau of Textile Industry

国家建筑材料工业局     State Bureau of Building Materials Industry

国家烟草专卖局       State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau

国家有色金属工业局     State Bureau of Nonferrous Metal Industry

以上由国家经贸委管理     above are all under the State Economic and Trade Commission

国家外国专家局(人事部)    State Bureau of Foreign Experts Affairs (under the Ministry of Personnel)

国家海洋局(国土资源部)    State Bureau of Oceanic Administration (under the Ministry of Land and Resources)

国家测绘局(国土资源部)    State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping (ditto)

国家邮政局(信息产业部)    State Post Bureau (under the Ministry of Information Industry)

国家文物局(文化部) State Cultural Relics Bureau (under the Ministry of Culture)

国家中医药管理局(卫生部) State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (under the Ministry of Public Health)

国家外汇管理局(中国人民银行总行)  State Administration of Foreign Exchange (under the People’s Bank of China)

国家出入境检验检疫局(海关总署) State Administration for EntryExit Inspection and Quarantine (under the General Administration of Customs)

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